The history and the culture of this place have their origins in Greek mythology, when Paleas, son of the first mythological king of Kefalonia, Cephalus, gave his name to the region. At the area of Akrotiri, there was a temple dedicated to Neptune, where archaeologists found a plate representing two dolphins as well as ancient coins representing Dimitra, the dolphin, the wheatear, Cephalus, Athina Pallada and Pegasus.
Paliki is the spiritual cradle of Kefalonia. Andreas Laskaratos, Ioulios Typaldos, Mikelakis Avlichos are some of the great men, spiritual offspring of the area.
Paliki is also famous for its remarkable cultural events, choir and philharmonic orchestra festivals, the celebration of ‘varkarola’, the carnival of Lixouri as the top winter cultural event, the celebration of local wines in Mantzavenata and the traditional religious festivals with music and dance in outdoor places.